VMware NSX: Design [V4.x]

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This five-day course provides comprehensive training on considerations and practices to design a VMware NSX® environment as part of a software-defined data center strategy.

This course prepares the student with the skills to lead the design of an NSX environment, including design principles, processes, and frameworks. The student gains a deeper understanding of the NSX architecture and how it can be used to create solutions to address the customer’s business needs.


By the end of the course, you should be able to meet the following objectives:

  • Describe and apply a design framework
  • Apply a design process for gathering requirements, constraints, assumptions, and risks
  • Design a VMware vSphere® virtual data center to support NSX requirements
  • Create a VMware NSX® Manager™ cluster design
  • Create a VMware NSX® Edge™ cluster design to support traffic and service requirements in NSX
  • Design logical switching and routing
  • Recognize NSX security best practices
  • Design logical network services
  • Design a physical network to support network virtualization in a software-defined data center
  • Create a design to support the NSX infrastructure across multiple sites
  • Describe the factors that drive performance in NSX


  • Network and security architects and consultants who design the enterprise and data center networks and NSX environments


Before taking this course, you should have completed the following course:

  • VMware NSX: Install, Configure, Manage

You should also have the understanding or knowledge of these technologies:

  • Good understanding of TCP/IP services and protocols
  • Knowledge and working experience of computer networking, including:
    • Switching and routing technologies (L2-L3)
    • Network and application delivery services (L4-L7)
    • Firewalling (L4-L7)
    • vSphere environments

The VMware Certified Professional – Network Virtualization certification is recommended.


  • Course Introduction
  • NSX Design Concepts
  • NSX Architecture and Components
  • NSX Edge Design
  • NSX Logical Switching Design
  • NSX Logical Routing Design
  • NSX Security Design
  • NSX Network Services
  • Physical Infrastructure Design
  • NSX Multilocation Design
  • NSX Optimization

Course Introduction

  • Introductions and course logistics
  • Course objectives

NSX Design Concepts

  • Identify design terms
  • Describe framework and project methodology
  • Describe the role of VMware Cloud Foundation™ in NSX design
  • Identify customers’ requirements, assumptions, constraints, and risks
  • Explain the conceptual design
  • Explain the logical design
  • Explain the physical design

NSX Architecture and Components

  • Recognize the main elements in the NSX architecture
  • Describe the NSX management cluster and the management plane
  • Identify the functions and components of management, control, and data planes
  • Describe the NSX Manager sizing options
  • Recognize the justification and implication of NSX manager cluster design decisions
  • Identify the NSX management cluster design options

NSX Edge Design

  • Explain the leading practices for edge design
  • Describe the NSX Edge VM reference designs
  • Describe the bare-metal NSX Edge reference designs
  • Explain the leading practices for edge cluster design
  • Explain the effect of stateful services placement
  • Explain the growth patterns for edge clusters
  • Identify design considerations when using L2 bridging services

NSX Logical Switching Design

  • Describe concepts and terminology in logical switching
  • Identify segment and transport zone design considerations
  • Identify virtual switch design considerations
  • Identify uplink profile and transport node profile design considerations
  • Identify Geneve tunneling design considerations
  • Identify BUM replication mode design considerations

NSX Logical Routing Design 

  • Explain the function and features of logical routing
  • Describe NSX single-tier and multitier routing architectures
  • Identify guidelines when selecting a routing topology
  • Describe the BGP and OSPF routing protocol configuration options
  • Explain gateway high availability modes of operation and failure detection mechanisms
  • Identify how multitier architectures provide control over stateful service location
  • Identify EVPN requirements and design considerations
  • Identify VRF Lite requirements and considerations
  • Identify the typical NSX scalable architectures

NSX Security Design

  • Identify different security features available in NSX
  • Describe the advantages of an NSX Distributed Firewall
  • Describe the use of NSX Gateway Firewall as a perimeter firewall and as an intertenant firewall
  • Determine a security policy methodology
  • Recognize the NSX security best practices

NSX Network Services

  • Identify the stateful services available in different edge cluster high availability modes
  • Describe failover detection mechanisms
  • Compare NSX NAT solutions
  • Explain how to select DHCP and DNS services
  • Compare policy-based and route-based IPSec VPN
  • Describe an L2 VPN topology that can be used to interconnect data centers
  • Explain the design considerations for integrating VMware NSX® Advanced Load Balancer™ with NSX

Physical Infrastructure Design

  • Identify the components of a switch fabric design
  • Assess Layer 2 and Layer 3 switch fabric design implications
  • Review guidelines when designing top-of-rack switches
  • Review options for connecting transport hosts to the switch fabric
  • Describe typical designs for VMware ESXi™ compute hypervisors with two pNICs
  • Describe typical designs for ESXi compute hypervisors with four or more pNICs
  • Differentiate dedicated and collapsed cluster approaches to SDDC design

NSX Multilocation Design

  • Explain scale considerations in an NSX multisite design
  • Describe the main components of the NSX Federation architecture
  • Describe the stretched networking capability in Federation
  • Describe stretched security use cases in Federation
  • Compare Federation disaster recovery designs

NSX Optimization

  • Describe Geneve Offload
  • Describe the benefits of Receive Side Scaling and Geneve Rx Filters
  • Explain the benefits of SSL Offload
  • Describe the effect of Multi-TEP, MTU size, and NIC speed on throughput
  • Explain the available enhanced datapath modes and use cases
  • List the key performance factors for compute nodes and NSX Edge nodes
  • Describe DPU-Based Acceleration
  • Define the NSX features supported by DPUs
  • Describe the hardware and networking configurations supported with DPUs

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VMware NSX: Design [V4.x]

VMWare | 40h - e-learning


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